Tuesday, November 24, 2009
Wednesday, September 2, 2009
Friday, July 31, 2009
with my Drill Ustad Kashmira Singh and Jessami Company in OTA,Madras
Similar to every individual’s life, crisis is common and unavoidable in every mission. We are taught to prepare for any unexpected events in life. We have to work with the limited resources available in least time. Every crisis to be managed well. Our extempore nature is called in every minute. All our preparedness is to face the situation with lot of contingency plans. Decision making is the prime factor. First lesson in the academy is to keep ourselves lean and disciplined. Drill is the prime activity to develop promptness in action on each and every command. Integrity in thought and action achieved through it. It is the prime requirement of every soldier.
Saturday, June 27, 2009
As a young major in 1947, Eustace D’Souza first read about Major Sam Manekshaw when reading about the
Till yesterday Sam Manekshaw was the oldest living field marshal in the world.
I first met Sam Manekshaw when I was facing the Chinese in Nathu La, commanding a brigade. It was in 1964-1965. The Chinese were across a little strip and my brigade held them when they first moved up with 2,000 troops, we held fast, we didn’t panic like in ‘62.
Sam came to visit us as he was very pleased, and then he came again to request me to stay on as brigade commander. I told him, ‘Sir I have a family too, I have been away from my family for four years — three in high altitude.’ He recommended me to the
He was very perceptive. When he came to visit me at Nathu La at 13,600 ft, I was a brigadier then with 5,000 troops under me. He said, ‘Souzie — he used to call me that –what do you do for your young officers, they must be absolutely cheesed off here.’
He went back to
He was fearless. When he was a major with the Sikh company in
He didn’t approve of one name because he said he was a rascal. That man sent word to Sam saying, ‘I would kill you.’ So Sam Manekshaw told his senior subedar — ‘Unko march karna hai’.
He was marched before Sam and he asked him — ‘You are going to kill me? Here’s my pistol, now come on shoot me.’ That man was so taken aback that he marched out meekly. Sam appointed him as batman. That was the sort of man he was.
Once in a riot he walked through the crowd with just his cane.
Once he visited our 4th battalion in the ‘65 war in the Barmer sector. There was a mike etc for him and he said, ‘Take this bloody thing off, I want to speak to my boys.’ He knew how to win people. In Nathu La, we got tea for him on a silver tray and he said, ‘I want it in a mug.’
Professionally he was good, there is no doubt about it. He was the first Indian to be appointed by the British after World War II to the military operations directorate.
Just before the war ended, he was sent on a three month deputation to
When he became chief it was a toss up between him and (Lieutenant) General Harbaksh Singh. His becoming chief was touch and go between him and General Harbaksh. Tactically and strategically, he was a very good soldier. He knew how to get around men. He commanded the Western and Eastern Commands — both hot seat commands.
He will always be remembered as the creator of
If there was no
He had a presence, was impeccable in dress and appearance. His shoes were polished, he had a good knowledge of the English language, sense of humour and was a good orator.
When (then prime minister) Mrs (Indira) Gandhi asked him if he was going to take over the country, he told her are you asking for my resignation on grounds of mental instability? Here’s my resignation.
His only fault if you can call it that is having an inner circle of friends but who doesn’t. All of them flourished. Once I was told that Sam Manekshaw doesn’t like anyone taller than him.
In the ‘71 war, I was commanding the division in Baramulah — responsible for 200 kms of the border between
That was carried to Sam; after that he was after my blood (the field marshal was from the Gorkha regiment] Sam. During the war, my division captured 73 square kilometres of
I retired in 1978 and came to
I asked for an appointment, at that time he used to live at the Oberoi (hotel, now the Hilton in Mumbai). He was very surprised because he thought I hated his guts but there is no doubt that he had leadership qualities.
I asked him to come and speak on leadership for an hour. He said, ‘You really want me — and I said — yes sir, that’s why I’ve come here.’ He spoke brilliantly without notes, answered all the questions, held the audience in a packed hall. I had it recorded and have shown it all around the country.
He was called to speak on leadership many times in
He was always prepared well in advance if he was making a talk, he never used notes and his turnout was impeccable. Even if he was to give a talk in the evening, he would shave again so that there was no shadow on his face.
He had a sense of humour, sometimes it backfired. Once a remark in
When the Parsis had a felicitation for him at the Tata Theatre (in Mumbai), I was asked to rally all the ex-service officers. I told them to come wearing their medals and when he saw all of us, he was really touched.
I called on him in Connoor when his wife was living, she was a very nice warm hearted person.
He was a great believer of Satya Sai Baba.
He liked good looking girls and was colour conscious. When he went as commadant of the
Sam wanted to be a doctor. He wanted to go to
He read an ad in the paper asking for young Indian gentlemen to apply for the first course of the
He belonged to the 4/12 Frontier Force Regiment which went to
The Sam Bahadur myth is all because of his association with the Gorkhas. He was allotted to the Gorkhas after
When he was sick, it was the saddest thing for me to see him being led up the stairs at the Tata Theatre by his daughter some 8, 9 years ago. It was unthinkable because he was always so dashing.
In the last few years he was mainly in hospital in
I think the top leaders of the Indian Army are Field Marshal K M Cariappa, General K S Thimayya and Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw. I rate General Thimayya number one.
Major General Eustace D’Souza, PVSM, retired from the India Army in 1978. He served two years in
Thursday, June 25, 2009
Tuesday, June 23, 2009
As I shared with you in some SSB procedures which I had gone through, getting in to Armed Forces was really challenging. But the actual challenge, the training, was in waiting, After crossing all the hurdles set by SSB, I reached the Officers Training Academy (OTA), Chennai. One fine day in the month of May 1995, I entered in OTA compound. Officers were welcoming us near the Mess. They checked my name and other credentials and handed over me to another cadet just reached one day before me and he guided me to the barrack.
Thursday, March 12, 2009
Tuesday, February 24, 2009
Sunday, February 22, 2009
Friday, February 20, 2009
Thursday, January 22, 2009
Sunday, January 18, 2009
Thursday, January 15, 2009
Sunday, January 11, 2009
Officers Training Academy (OTA) is the prestigious training establishment of the Indian Army that takes in men and lady cadets to be commissioned as Short Service Commissioned Officers.
Saturday, January 10, 2009
It is one of the task in the group testing technique .In this task group seated in full circle and required to discuss the topic allotted by G.T.O. The discussion is of informal nature where in the members are free to express their opinion on the topic of discussion .Any speaker can speak any direction in any number of times the member desires. There is no conclusion required to arrive by the group. We may preferably speak in English,Hindi or mix of both. It is conducted in two parts as given below. 1.the GTO offers two subjects the group and give half a minute to decide the topic. He repeats the selected topic once again to allow 20 minutes of discussion time and abruptly stop the discussion. 2.GTO offers only one subject and allows 20 minutes of discussion time and end of which he terminate the task.
TIPS 1.Take initiative even in the selection of topic in case you want the topic of your choice. 2.Initiate discussion if possible in both the parts. ie, you should be first to speak if not possible at least be second or third to speak. 3.Be active participants through out the discussion. ie, speak as many number as possible. 4.Convey depth in what you speak. Do not come out only with shallow level views. 5.Each time you enter the discussion do not repeat what you already said and what others are already added. Therefore come out with fresh views and new arguments. 6.Give as many examples as possible, quotation, proverbs and factual data related to the topic because such details are more convincing to others. 7.Be brief and to the points. ie, don’t drag your views because others would get irritated and cut it short that will interrupt you. 8.In case some one is dragging you may interrupt otherwise don’t interrupt some one is just giving the point. 9.At no stage you should display quarrelsome or aggressive attitude or show annoyance through words or via, expressions 10.Don’t be conscious of the presence of the GTO. 11.Give weaker numbers a chance to speak by encouraging them. 12.Once in a way do appreciate the good points of others 13.even when opposes other views be polite. 14.Do not intent to talking only to those sitting on your adjacent sides. 15.Talk loudly and clearly otherwise your views will go unheard in the group.
Tuesday, January 6, 2009
Some tips for the test: 1. Select a topic on which you are confident and feel easy,but not by looking at the importance of the topic. 2.Take some breathing time to decide and once you select the topic don't change it. 3.Be systematic in preparing and remembering the points on the topic.Group the points coming to your mind one bye one under Introduction,Body and Conclusion as headings.Then again those points can be divided under subheadings to remember the points well and to recollect while speaking. 4.Stand straight in front of the audience and face them squarely.Keep eye contact with the audience all the time.Turn your face to all the sides to see everyone in rotation. 5.Give an interesting introduction to your topic after addressing the audience. 6.Do not give gaps while speaking .Maintain an average and uniform speed.In case you forgot any point ,coolly get to next point. 7.Avoid peculiar mannerisems and gestures while speaking,because that will distract the listners. 8.Speak on more number of points briefly rather than dwelling only on a couple of points. 9.Have a hidden smile while speaking and if possible include some humour if your topic wants. 10.Speak loudly and clearly. 11.To make your lecture interesting add as many examples,proverbs,quotes and factual data related to the topic. 12.Vary your pitch while speaking. 13.Speak on topic for two and half minutes and give a conclusion on topic in half a minute. 14.Give some critical and personal views on topic during conclusion. 15.Stop on time with the same tempo as you started and walk back gracefully. 16.Practice the above points many times to be perfect during the test.
Sunday, January 4, 2009
My hearty wishes for Prosperous, Healthy, Meaningful, Successful and ever happiest days .
I was talking about the efforts taken by me to pass through one of the milestones ,I had set in my life, that is to serve in Indian Armed Forces.Now I want to share with you what I learned while achieving it. As you know the entry in to the Armed Forces as an Officer is restricted with a unique testing procedure by a board of officers called Service Selection Board (SSB).We have to clear various tests conducted by SSB. Before that we have to qualify in the Intelligence/screening test to appear in all the tests conducted by this board. These test are mainly grouped as Phychological,Group Testing Officer's(GTO),Interview and concluded with Board Conference. Psychological Tests include TAT(Thematic Apperception Test),WAT(Word Association Test), SRT(Situation Reaction Test), Self Description. Group Testing Officer's(GTO): Group Discussion(GD), Planning Exercise(PE), Progressive Group Task(PGT), Group Obstacle Race(GOR), Half Group Task(HGT) ,Lecturatte, Individual Obstacle(IO),Command Task(CT),Final Group Task(FGT).Personal Interview and Board Conference. I will be discussing these tests one by one.